2003: 39% dead Swedish heroin addicts have B. Elizabethae

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CaliforniaLyme
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2003: 39% dead Swedish heroin addicts have B. Elizabethae

Post by CaliforniaLyme » Fri 2 Nov 2007 0:06

1: Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2003 Jun;990:409-13. Related Articles, Links

Bartonella spp. antibodies in forensic samples from Swedish heroin addicts.


McGill S, Hjelm E, Rajs J, Lindquist O, Friman G.


Infectious Diseases, Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University
Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.


A high frequency of Bartonella elizabethae seropositivity (39%) was recorded among intravenous heroin addicts in Stockholm, Sweden, who died from a lethal injection.

Some of the B. elizabethae-seropositive individuals also had antibodies to B. henselae Houston-1, B. grahamii, and B. quintana, but none had antibodies to B. henselae Marseille or B. vinsonii subsp. vinsonii. Hepatitis was a frequent finding but no case had peliosis hepatitis. There was no case of endocarditis, but in three persons active subacute-to-chronic myocarditis was found; two of these cases were Bartonella-positive and HIV-negative.


PMID: 12860665

Nick
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Re: 2003: 39% dead Swedish heroin addicts have B. Elizabethae

Post by Nick » Sun 4 Nov 2007 12:31

suggests it may be an opportunistic infection?

CaliforniaLyme
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Re: 2003: 39% dead Swedish heroin addicts have B. Elizabethae

Post by CaliforniaLyme » Wed 7 Nov 2007 20:45

Suggests it may be from dirty needles!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

CaliforniaLyme
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Re: 2003: 39% dead Swedish heroin addicts have B. Elizabethae

Post by CaliforniaLyme » Wed 7 Nov 2007 20:45

Or from ticks since drug addicts are frequently homeless!!! at least in the US!

NellyP
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Re: 2003: 39% dead Swedish heroin addicts have B. Elizabethae

Post by NellyP » Sat 10 Nov 2007 17:49

Or from body lice, Raoult et al have done several studies on homeless people and bartonella quintana endocarditis.

Below is an article that describes some of the many arthropod-borne infectious conditions homeless people can suffer from

Nelly

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entre ... d_RVDocSum

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Oct;1078:223-35. Links
Arthropod-borne diseases in homeless.Brouqui P, Raoult D.
Unité des rickettsies, CNRS UMR 6020, IFR 48, Faculté de médecine, 27 bd, J Moulin, 13385 Marseille, cedex 5, France. philippe.brouqui@medecine.univ-mrs.fr

Homeless people are particularly exposed to ectoparasite. The living conditions and the crowded shelters provide ideal conditions for the spread of lice, fleas, ticks, and mites. Body lice have long been recognized as human parasites and although typically prevalent in rural communities in upland areas of countries close to the equator, it is now increasingly encountered in developed countries especially in homeless people or inner city economically deprived population. Fleas are widespread but are not adapted to a specific host and may occasionally bite humans. Most common fleas that parasite humans are the cat, the rat, and the human fleas, Ctenocephalides felis, Xenopsylla cheopis, and Pulex irritans, respectively. Ticks belonging to the family Ixodidae, in particular, the genera Dermacentor, Rhipicephalus, and Ixodes, are frequent parasites in humans. Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis is a mite (Arachnida class) responsible for scabies. It is an obligate parasite of human skin. The hematophagic-biting mite, Liponyssoides sanguineus, is a mite of the rat, mouse, and other domestic rodents but can also bite humans. Finally, the incidence of skin disease secondary to infestation with the human bedbug, Cimex lectularius, has increased recently. Bacteria, such as Wolbacchia spp. have been detected in bedbug. The threat posed by the ectoparasite in homeless is not the ectoparasite themselves but the associated infectious diseases that they may transmit to humans. Except for scabies all these ectoparasites are potential vectors for infectious agents. Three louse-borne diseases are known at this time. Trench fever caused by Bartonella quintana (B. quintana), epidemic typhus caused by Rickettsia prowazekii, and relapsing fever caused by the spirochete Borrelia recurrentis. Fleas transmit plague (Xenopsylla cheopis and Pulex irritans), murine typhus (Xenopsylla cheopis), flea-borne spotted rickettsiosis on account of the recently described species Rickettsia felis (C. felis), and occasionally cat scratch disease on account of Bartonella henselae (C. felis). The role of fleas as potential vector of B. quintana has recently been suggested. Among the hematophagic-biting mites, L. sanguineus, is responsible for the transmission of Rickettsia akari, the etiologic agent of rickettsialpox. Virtually, no data are available on tick-borne disease in this population. This article will deal with epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of these ectoparasite and the infectious diseases they transmit to the homeless people.

PMID: 17114713 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

cave76
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Joined: Sun 12 Aug 2007 2:27

Re: 2003: 39% dead Swedish heroin addicts have B. Elizabethae

Post by cave76 » Sat 10 Nov 2007 20:43

Breaking this up with white space for this neuro brain (and others) :)

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entre ... d_RVDocSum

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Oct;1078:223-35. Links
Arthropod-borne diseases in homeless.Brouqui P, Raoult D.
Unité des rickettsies, CNRS UMR 6020, IFR 48, Faculté de médecine, 27 bd, J Moulin, 13385 Marseille, cedex 5, France. philippe.brouqui@medecine.univ-mrs.fr

Homeless people are particularly exposed to ectoparasite. The living conditions and the crowded shelters provide ideal conditions for the spread of lice, fleas, ticks, and mites.

Body lice have long been recognized as human parasites and although typically prevalent in rural communities in upland areas of countries close to the equator, it is now increasingly encountered in developed countries especially in homeless people or inner city economically deprived population.

Fleas are widespread but are not adapted to a specific host and may occasionally bite humans. Most common fleas that parasite humans are the cat, the rat, and the human fleas, Ctenocephalides felis, Xenopsylla cheopis, and Pulex irritans, respectively.

Ticks belonging to the family Ixodidae, in particular, the genera Dermacentor, Rhipicephalus, and Ixodes, are frequent parasites in humans. Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis is a mite (Arachnida class) responsible for scabies. It is an obligate parasite of human skin. The hematophagic-biting mite, Liponyssoides sanguineus, is a mite of the rat, mouse, and other domestic rodents but can also bite humans.

Finally, the incidence of skin disease secondary to infestation with the human bedbug, Cimex lectularius, has increased recently. Bacteria, such as Wolbacchia spp. have been detected in bedbug. The threat posed by the ectoparasite in homeless is not the ectoparasite themselves but the associated infectious diseases that they may transmit to humans.

Except for scabies all these ectoparasites are potential vectors for infectious agents. Three louse-borne diseases are known at this time. Trench fever caused by Bartonella quintana (B. quintana), epidemic typhus caused by Rickettsia prowazekii, and relapsing fever caused by the spirochete Borrelia recurrentis.

Fleas transmit plague (Xenopsylla cheopis and Pulex irritans), murine typhus (Xenopsylla cheopis), flea-borne spotted rickettsiosis on account of the recently described species Rickettsia felis (C. felis), and occasionally cat scratch disease on account of Bartonella henselae (C. felis).

The role of fleas as potential vector of B. quintana has recently been suggested. Among the hematophagic-biting mites, L. sanguineus, is responsible for the transmission of Rickettsia akari, the etiologic agent of rickettsialpox.

Virtually, no data are available on tick-borne disease in this population. This article will deal with epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of these ectoparasite and the infectious diseases they transmit to the homeless people.

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