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Seroprevalence of B. burgdorferi in Horses in Southwest Virginia

Posted: Wed 25 May 2016 5:28
by dlf
Seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi in Horses Presented for Coggins Testing in Southwest Virginia and Change in Positive Test Results Approximately 1 Year Later

R.A. Funk, R.S. Pleasant, S.G. Witonsky, D.S. Reeder, S.R. Werre, D.R. Hodgson
First published: 23 May 2016
DOI: 10.1111/jvim.13973

Full text available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/enhanced ... jvim.13973

Abstract

Background

Lyme disease can affect people, dogs, and horses, but it remains poorly understood, especially in the horse. Determining the seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi in horses in different geographic areas will enable better understanding of the epidemiology of the disease, thus improving diagnosis and treatment of affected animals.

Hypothesis

To determine the seroprevalence of B. burgdorferi in horses in southwest Virginia.

Animals

Horses presented for routine Coggins testing from January 2013 to January 2014 had additional blood drawn for Lyme Multiplex Assay testing.

Methods

Of 492 samples collected, 250 samples were analyzed using the Lyme Multiplex Assay. Of the 83 horses that had positive test results to at least 1 outer surface protein (Osp), 63 were available for follow-up testing 5–17 months later (June 2014).

Results

Thirty-three percent of horses had positive results for antibodies to at least 1 Osp. Horses with a positive outer surface protein F (OspF) result were older (14.5 ± 0.79) than horses with a negative OspF result (11.6 ± 0.53). Of the horses available for follow-up testing, 63% had the same result as that of the initial test. There was no difference in test result between initial and follow-up testing.

Conclusions

Horses seropositive to B. burgdorferi are common in Virginia, and older horses are more likely to have a positive test result for OspF than younger horses. Follow-up testing indicated that the majority of horses that were positive on initial testing did not have a different test result 5–17 months later.